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“互联网专条”意味着什么?

发布时间:2010-04-13 作者: 浏览次数:次

凯发体育

“互联网专条”意味着什么?
——写在《侵权责任法》实施前

凯发体育 第十一届全国人大常委会第十二次会议通过的《中华人民共和国侵权责任法》将于今年7 月1 日起施行,这部与《物权法》一样核心在于保障私权、在社会主义法律体系中起支架作用的法律,在第36 条中规定:“网络用户、网络服务提供者利用网络侵害他人民事权益的,应当承担侵权责任。网络用户利用网络服务实施侵权行为的,被侵权人有权通知网络服务提 供者采取删除、屏蔽、断开链接等必要措施。网络服务提供者接到通知后未及时采取必要措施的,对损害的扩大部分与该网络用户承担连带责任。网络服务提供者知 道网络用户利用其网络服务侵害他人民事权益,未采取必要措施的,与该网络用户承担连带责任。”

zheiyitiaobeifaxuejiechengwei“hulianwangzhuantiao”,duiyuhulianwangchuanbohuodongdecanyuzhegefang,baokuo: yanlunshangchuanzhe——beiqinquanzhe——wangluofuwushang——wangluoguanlizheeryan,zheige“hulianwangzhuantiao”yiweizheshenme?

增强发帖人责任和自律

hulianwangdefeisufazhan,yinglaile“zimeitishidai”,jubuwanquantongji,zhongguohulianwangdeluntandagaiyou130 duowange,weibutongdeliyiquntitigongleyiboke、bbs dengweidaibiaodexinxingwangluoyulunpingtai,dajiakeyiziyoudibiaodasixiang、chanshuguandian、fabiaoyijian,xianghugoutong、xiaochuchongtu,tuokuanleminzhonghuoquxinxidequdao,shishehuigongzhongnengchongfenbiaodazijide yijianhekanfa。

yanlunziyoushixianfafuyugongmindejibenquanli,wangluoyanlunziyouzaituijinwoguominzhuzhengzhihefazhijianshejinchengzhonggongbukemei。ru:wangluoyulunjiandudedianxingshijian——“zhoulaohu”、“zhouzhizun” deng,ziyoudeyijianbiaodahewangluoyulunjiandu,duiyuzhengyideshenzhangqidaozhiguanzhongyaodezuoyong。wangyouduimourenmoushijinxingdaodeqianze,duibudaodexingweijinxingtaofa,zheishixianfaguidingdeyanlunziyoudeju tibiaoxian。danrenheziyoudoushixiangduide,ziyoubenshenjiushixianghutuoxiedejieguo,jueduideziyoushibucunzaide。budangdeyanlunbiaodabujinhuiweihaiguojiaanquan、shehuiwending,bujinmieshileguojiadezhidu shejihegongquanlidezuoyong,erqiehuiyanbianweifalvshangdeqinquan,qinfandangshirendeyinsiquan、mingyuquandeng。

bukefouren,duiyuwangminzaiwangluoshangdeyanlunziyou,yinggaishezhiyidingdejiexian,jibudesunhaigonggongliyihuoqinfanqitagongmindehefaquanyi,duiyuwangzhanshangfabudexinxi,wangluofuwutigongzhequeshiying gaichengdanyidingdeshenchazeren。kegenjuzerenyuquanliyinggaiduidengdeyuanze,wangzhanyeyinggaiyongyouduiqifabudeneirongshifoushushijinxingquerendequanli。woguo《hulianwangxinxifuwuguanlitiaoli》di15 tiaojiumingqueguidinglehulianwangxinxifuwutigongzhebudezhizuo、fuzhi、fabu、chuanbodejiuzhongqingxing。

er《qinquanzerenfa》zhi“hulianwangzhuantiao”dechuxian,shiweishubuduodeshehulianwangderendalifazhiyi,yezhengyinweici,tabujinzuoyongzhongyao,erqieyiyizhongda。bujinjiaqiangleduigongminsiquandebaohu,xihualefalvzerenjichengdanzerendefangshi,erqieshisiquanbaohudejudajinbu。

被侵权人: 有了救济途径2005 年7 月底,南京大学新闻传播学院副教授陈堂发偶然间在网上发现了一篇名为《烂人烂教材》的心情日记,博客主人“K007”在其“长套袜”的博客上,对他进行辱 骂。为了维护自己的名誉权,陈要求中国博客网删除该帖。几经交涉,网站方面表示“不能删除”、“不便删除”,陈堂发起诉中国博客网的运营单位——杭州博客 信息技术有限公司。

凯发体育 houjingfayuanshenlirenwei《,lanrenlanjiaocai》yincunzaiwuruyuangaodeneironggouchengyouhaixinxi,yuangaodangchudianhuatongzhibeigaoshanchuxinxi,keyirendingbeigaocishiyijingfaxianyouhaixinxi,qiyingdangzaihelide shijianneicaiqucuoshitingzhiyouhaixinxidechuanbo。danbeigaojinjinyaoqiuyuangaotigongshenfenzhengmingerbucaiqurenhecuoshi,weijindao“shanliangguanliren”dezhuyiyiwu,yingchengdanxiangyingdefalvzeren。fayuanpanjue beigaokandengzhiqianshengming; peichangyuangaojingjisunshi1000 yuan。cianbeimeitichengwei:“zhongguobokediyian”。

ruguochentangfashijianfashengyu《qinquanzerenfa》shishizhihou,yijudi36 tiaodierkuandeguiding:“wangluoyonghuliyongwangluofuwushishiqinquanxingweide,beiqinquanrenyouquantongzhiwangluofuwutigongzhecaiqushanchu、pingbi、duankailianjiedengbiyaocuoshi。wangluofuwutigongzhejiedaotongzhihou weijishicaiqubiyaocuoshide,duisunhaidekuodabufenyugaiwangluoyonghuchengdanliandaizeren。” beigaozaijiedaobeiqinquanrenchentangfadeshanchuqingqiuhouweijishishanchuqinquanxinxide,yingduisunhaidekuodabufenchengdanliandaizeren。

eryijudisankuanguiding:“wangluofuwutigongzhezhidaowangluoyonghuliyongqiwangluofuwuqinhaitarenminshiquanyi,weicaiqubiyaocuoshide,yugaiwangluoyonghuchengdanliandaizeren。”zheiyangdeguidinghuishidehangzhou bokexinxijishuyouxiangongsibuhuiyebugantuozhijinyiniandeshijiancaizaifayuandepanjuehoushanchuqinquanxinxi,neime,duichentangfamingyuquandeqinhaiyebuhuineimeyanzhong,yingxiangneimeda。

凯发体育 wangzhan: mingqueguizejianqingzerenzhenduiwangluodaoban、“renrousousuo”dengxianxiang,renmenhuyu,wangluolingyuduiyuminshihefaquanyidebaohushizaibixing。yiwang,wangzhanyiqinquanneirongshiyouwangluoyonghuzixingfabuwei you,jujueduiqinquanxingweicaiqurenhecuoshi,dan《qinquanzerenfa》duicizuochulemingqueguiding,duiwangluoqinquanjinxingguifan,fuheshidaifazhanyaoqiu,tixianlelifajinbu。

“hulianwangzhuantiao”guidingyouliangkuan,diyikuanqiangdiaodeshiwangluofuwushangdeshixianshencha,dierkuanqiangdiaodeshiwangluofuwushangdeshihouxiezhupeiheduiqinquanxinxishanchu、pingbi、duankailianjie。canyulifadezhong guorenmindaxuewanglimingjiaoshoujiexizheilianggetiaokuanshicheng: di36 tiaoguidinglelianggeguize: diyigeguizejiushimingzhiguize,nimingzhiwangshangfabuleqinquandeyanlun,nibujishishanchu,jiuyaofuliandaizeren; diergejiushitishiguize,zheiyeshiguojishangtongxingdeguize,wangluoyonghuliyongwangluofuwushishiqinquanxingweide,shouhairenxiangwangluofuwutigongzhefachuyaoqiushanchu、pingbineirongdetongzhihou,wangluofuwuti gongzhededaotongzhihouweijishicaiqubiyaocuoshide,yeyaochengdanliandaizeren。qianzheshiwangluofuwushangziyikaishijiuzhixiaowangluoqinquanxingwei,erweicaiqubiyaocuoshide; houzheshiwangluofuwushangzaihoulaijiedaotousujubaohouzhiqing,danbingweicaiqubiyaocuoshide。

erzhuduowangluoyunyingshangzerenwei,gaitiaokuanzaijiadaduiwangluoqinquanguanlichufalidudetongshishijiajiwangluoyunyingshangdeyaliqishigengshenyuduiwangluoyonghudeyueshu,jinpanduanwangluoxinxishifouqinquanyingdangruhe caozuoduiyuwangluoyunyingshangeryanjiushishifenkekede——wangluoyunyingshangbingmeiyoupanduanxinxishifouqinquandetongyibiaozhun,ruguoduixinxidefabushenchaguoyuyangeshibihuizaodaowangluoyonghudebuman,erruguo fangsongshenchazehenyoukenenghuiyinweiqinquanrendexingweiershoudaoqianlian。

tongshi,falvjierenshiyezhichu,gaiwangluoqinquanfaguishangcunbuzu。biru,ruhelijiewangluotigongzhe“zhidao”yonghuliyongqiwangluofuwuqinhaitaren? wangluofuwushangkeyikongzhide,huozheyinggaineng“zhidao”de,jinjinshineixiezuoweifabuzhezhudongfabuzaiwangluoshangdexunxi,congzheigejiaodushuo,fuwushangduizijizuoweifabuzhefabudexunxiyinggaijinxingshen cha,duici,keyilijieweiwangluofuwushang“zhidao”。dandaduoshuqingkuangshi,wangluofuwushangzhishiyigechuanbozhe,meitiandouyoushuyiyijidexinxifabudaowangshang,fuwushangbukenengyiyishencha; duiqitaliyongpingtaishangchuandexunxifuwushangmeiyouyiwu,yemeiyouquanlijinxingshencha,yejiutanbushangsuoweide“zhidao”。

凯发体育 wangyouyedanxin,longtongguidingwangluobiaodazhe、youqishiwangluofuwushangdeqinquanzeren,wuyihuishiganggangxingqidewangluojianduyaozhe,weihaigongmindeyanlunziyouheyulunjiandukongjian。youyuwangzhan、luntandengwang luofuwutigongzheyinyaoguibifengxian,bimianliandaiqinquanzeren,yixiepipingxingdeyanlunhenyoukeneng“yishangjiubeishan”。neimeyexuhuichuxianzheiyangdeqingkuang: zai“hulianwangzhuantiao”tongguoyihou,gangyouwangyouzailuntanshangfatiejubaoguanyuanfubai,mashangjiuhuiyourenchulaixiangwangzhantichuyiyi: niqinhailewodeyinsi,huozhe,nidejubaoshishi,sunhailewodemingyu,zheishiwangzhanweibimianchengdanliandaizerendefengxian,jianzhitayemeiyounenglizhengshitiezidezhenjia,qizuihaodezuofajiubiancheng: shuncongcirendeyijian,batieziganjinyuyishanchu、pingbideng。

凯发体育 woguoduiwangluochuanbodeshehuidiaokongshixingsiguanqixia: zhengfudefaguiguanli、hulianwangxingyezilv、wangmindewangluosuyangjiaoyuheshehuideguangfanjiandu。haowuyiwen,《qinquanzerenfa》zhongde“hulianwangzhuantiao”jianghuishenkeyingxiangzhongguohulianwangshangdeneirongchuan bo。yinweitajiadalewangluofuwushangdeshenchayiwuyufalvfengxian,yechujilegongzhongduigonggongxinxidezhiqingquan、duiguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuandejianduquanhegongmindeyanlunziyoudengxianfaquanliyuzi you。taduiyucujinwoguohulianwangdejiankangfazhan,weihuguojiaanquanheshehuigonggongliyi,baohugeren、farenheqitazuzhidehefaquanyijiweibiyao。(wen/wangjun)


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